1937 how to combine multiple client and server implementations into one executable


With bandwidth issues, especially on our remote offices, we are looking into an option of 'downloading the package from a specific URL', from a machine co-located with the remote computers. What could be the considerations that we may need to take? Such as setting up a webserver, and the specifications or other requirements for it to push the upgrade package to the clients.

In looking at the accordion on the right hand-side of our VeriSign homepage, we find that it performs relatively well. But we felt that "I need to" was more actionable than a more benign "Information for" label and perhaps we should switch the order of the two because the links which were displayed by default would get more clicks. So, we set out to test that theory. Despite the expectation that the panel of links which was exposed by default would get more clicks than links in collapsed panels, that was not the case.

When the "Information for" panel was second and its links were therefore hidden by default, users still clicked on the links in that panel more than the exposed "I need to" links. So, despite the position of "Information for" - whether it was first or second - it was clear that The phishing sites attempted to lure customers into entering their confidential information by means of a fake customer satisfaction survey.

The survey stated that customers would receive INR in their bank account for participating in a quick, five question survey. As per the participation terms, only one survey was allowed per card and that if the user had multiple cards then additional surveys could be taken. This was used as a bait to trick customers into believing that they could gain more money if they participated in more surveys. With this strategy, fraudsters were attempting to steal as many card details as As of posting time, a Google search of the phrase techcrunch crunchies yields as its first result a blacklisted result for the Crunchies award page crunchies The details page shows that on September 28 yesterday Google found malware distributed on this subdomain of TechCrunch.

This result gives you an opportunity to see how a real, blacklisted site looks on Google. If you do click on the link for crunchies Warning - visiting this web site may harm your computer!

Return to the previous page and pick another result. Try another search to find what you're looking for. Or you can continue to http: For detailed information about the Login or Register to participate. Showing posts in English. Parveen Vashishtha 04 Oct Zeus Explosion Leads to More Arrests. Peter Coogan 04 Oct Unveiling our Encryption Roadmap and Vision. Social Media and the Small Businesses: Blake M 01 Oct 0 comments. Eric Chien 01 Oct Attacks against other services that have a relationship with the GNU Bash shell are similarly possible.

The attacker then must configure a nameserver to be authoritative for a target domain. The attacker then queries the victim recursive nameserver for a name within the target domain. If the crafted response successfully matches and arrives prior to a legitimate answer from the actual authoritative source, the victim recursive nameserver will accept the crafted response and any information within it.

This response data will then be stored in the recursive server cache and remain there based on the TTL parameters specified by the attacker in the response. All queries then sent to the victim recursive nameserver will be answered by the poisoned cache and redirect traffic to the attacker's malicious nameserver and thus direct traffic where ever the attacker wishes.

Scored CIA to both vulnerable component and impacted component, however impacts are the same. When Microsoft Windows systems resume "wake up" from sleep or hibernation, the default action is to require the user to re-authenticate. When SDE is installed, this functionality becomes disabled, allowing an attacker who has physical access to the system access without credentials by triggering a resume action. Depending on the privileges of the web application server, an attacker would be able to view the contents of any file in the directory searched.

Scope is changed due to the ability of the vulnerable component to access the affected system outside of the controlling authoritative component. The vulnerability allows an unauthenticated, remote attacker to bypass device Access Control Entries ACEs and send network traffic that should be denied. It only affects devices that have specific ACE structures. Exploitation of this vulnerability can be performed with wide-area network access to the target system and requires the ability to send fragmented IPv4 packets to the vulnerable component router.

An attacker can effectively bypass protocol-based access control for non-initial fragments fragments with a fragment offset not equal to zero , resulting in an integrity impact on the network or devices under the protection of the firewall. If Proxy ARP is enabled on an unnumbered interface, an attacker can poison the ARP cache and create a bogus forwarding table entry for an IP address, effectively creating a denial of service for that subscriber or interface.

When Proxy ARP is enabled on an unnumbered interface, the router will answer any ARP message from any IP address which could lead to exploitable information disclosure. This issue can affect any product or platform running Junos OS Exploitation of this vulnerability requires network adjacency with the target system and the ability to generate arbitrary ARP replies sent to the connected interface.

The resultant impact can be observed as unauthorized modification of a database on the vulnerable component, or as an impact on confidentiality or availability on attached devices impacted component.

Since the CVSSv3 score for a high confidentiality or availability impact on a changed scope is higher than a partial impact on the vulnerable component, CVSSv3 guidance recommends to score for the higher overall impact. DokuWiki contains a reflected cross-site scripting XSS vulnerability. This vulnerability allows an attacker with privileges to upload a malicious SWF file to a vulnerable site to perform XSS attacks against victims who follow crafted links to those malicious SWF files.

Victims following those crafted links would execute arbitrary script in the victim's browser session within the trust relationship between their browser and the vulnerable server. The resultant impact would be a disclosure of sensitive material or an alteration of page content that should be controlled by the DokuWiki instance e. Since the vulnerability requires access to upload SWF files, the attacker must have privileges to do this on the wiki itself.

And since the vulnerability is exploited at the web server but impacts the victim's browser, scope has changed. Adobe Acrobat and Reader are vulnerable to a buffer overflow, caused by improper bounds checking when parsing a malformed JBIG2 image stream embedded within a PDF document.

By persuading a victim to open a malicious PDF file, a remote attacker could overflow a buffer and execute arbitrary code on the system with the privileges of the victim or cause the application to crash.

The vulnerability is exploited by convincing a victim to open a malicious document on a system that uses a vulnerable version of Adobe Acrobat or Reader. An attacker must deliver a malicious document to the victim and relies upon the user to open it. If the user is privileged, then the code execution achieved by the attacker could result in High impacts to Confidentiality, Integrity, and Availability.

The Bluetooth Stack 2. The vulnerability could allow remote code execution if an attacker sent a series of specially crafted Bluetooth packets to an affected system. This vulnerability only affects systems with Bluetooth capability. The attacker first needs to obtain system's bit Bluetooth address, which is not "discoverable" by default in affected Windows versions.

If the system were "discoverable," it would respond to attacker SDP queries with its Bluetooth address. But in the default state, an attacker must obtain your Bluetooth address another way — either via bruteforcing it or extracting it from Bluetooth traffic captured over-the-air.

The attacker would need to be in the same proximity as the target machine in order to send and receive radio transmissions within the Bluetooth radio spectrum. Once it is exploited, the attacker can run arbitrary code. The attacker could install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights.

The iCloud subsystem in Apple iOS before 7. With Find My iPhone set up on your device, you can do the following:. Find My iPhone includes a feature called Activation Lock that is designed to prevent anyone else from using your iPhone, iPad, or iPod touch if it's ever lost or stolen.

This vulnerability allows the attacker to bypass the Activation Lock when attempting to turn off Find My iPhone. The attacker can turn off Find My iPhone feature, delete the current iCloud account and associate the device with new iCloud Account with out any Apple ID and password of current user.

SearchBlox is an enterprise search and data analytics service utilizing Apache Lucene and Elasticsearch. A specially-crafted URL to the SearchBlox Server containing the appropriate parameter values of an action the attacker wants to perform may be sent to a victim user. If the user interacts with the URL while the user has an active session on the SearchBlox Server, the URL will send a request to the server to perform some action with the victim user's credentials. Since SearchBlox Server prior to version 8.

Possible actions include creating or deleting a user account, or uploading new SearchBlox configuration settings.

This can be exploited by a Man-in-the-middle MITM attack where the attacker can decrypt and modify traffic from the attacked client and server. The attack can only be performed between a vulnerable client and server.

If a ChangeCipherSpec message is sent by the attacker after the connection is initiated but before the master secret has been generated, then OpenSSL will generate the keys for the handshake with an empty master secret. Note that an attacker requires a man-in-the-middle position with the client user in order to exploit this attack.

Google Chrome uses a multi-process architecture in which each browser tab may run a separate renderer process that communicates with other Chrome processes using the IPC. By persuading a victim to visit a specially-crafted Web site, a remote attacker could exploit this vulnerability to write arbitrary files to the operating system. This vulnerability allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code on vulnerable installations of Google Chrome.

User interaction is required to exploit this vulnerability in that the victim must visit a malicious page or open a malicious file. The specific flaw exists within the handling of JPEG images. An attacker can leverage this vulnerability to execute arbitrary code under the context of the current process. This is made available to victims, e. This triggers the exploit and runs the executable code that the attacker placed in the image, taking over the browser. The attack allows an attacker to access the communication channel used by the victim, and impersonate the victim in transactions due to a lack of proper authentication of messages.

Effectively, the user can escalate privileges to the privilege level of the victim user. CVE is the variant for Microsoft Windows and requires the victim user to be a domain administrator attempting an uncommon action, such as a domain join, for the attack to succeed. A particular consequence is that the SAM credentials database may be obtained, allowing further network access. CVE, meanwhile, is the variant for SAMBA and may affect a more typical user performing more common actions such as file or printer sharing.

Common Vulnerability Scoring System v3. Resource Location Specification Document Includes metric descriptions, formulas, and vector string. Please contact us at cvss first. You have additional, verifiable, information that will change the outcome of one of the scored vulnerabilities. You have CVEs for additional vulnerability types that you would like to see added. Attack A successful exploit requires an attacker to perform reconnaissance of the system running the vulnerable phpMyAdmin software to determine a valid database name and obtain a valid session token.

Attack Complexity Low Although an attacker needs to perform some reconnaissance of the target system, a valid session token can be easily obtained and many systems likely use well-known or default database names. Privileges Required None An attacker requires no privileges to mount an attack. User Interaction Required A successful attack requires the victim to visit the vulnerable component, e. Scope Changed The vulnerable component is the web server running the phpMyAdmin software.

The impacted component is the victim's browser. Confidentiality Impact Low Information maintained in the victim's web browser can be read and sent to the attacker.

This is constrained to information associated with the web site running phpMyAdmin, and cookie data is excluded because the HttpOnly flag is enabled by default by phpMyAdmin. If the HttpOnly flag is not set, the Confidentiality Impact will become High if the attacker has access to sufficient cookie data to hijack the victim's session. Integrity Impact Low Information maintained in the victim's web browser can be modified, but only information associated with the web site running phpMyAdmin.

Availability Impact None The malicious code can deliberately slow the victim's system, but the effect is usually minor and the victim can easily close the browser tab to terminate it. Attack An attacker requires an account on the target MySQL database with the privilege to modify user-supplied identifiers, such as table names. Attack Complexity Low Replication must be enabled on the target database. Although disabled by default, it is common for it to be enabled so we assume this worst case.

Privileges Required Low The attack requires an account with the ability to change user-supplied identifiers, such as table names. Basic users do not get this privilege by default, but it is not considered a sufficiently trusted privilege to warrant this metric being High. Confidentiality Impact Low The injected SQL runs with high privilege and can access information the attacker should not have access to.

Although this runs on a remote database or databases , it may be possible to exfiltrate the information as part of the SQL statement. Integrity Impact Low The injected SQL runs with high privilege and can modify information the attacker should not have access to. Availability Impact None Although injected code is run with high privilege, the nature of this attack prevents arbitrary SQL statements being run that could affect the availability of MySQL databases.

Vulnerability The SSL protocol 3. Attack A typical attack scenario is that a victim has visited a web server and her web browser now contains a cookie that an attacker wishes to steal. Note that the attack can take place at any point between the victim and web server over which the network traffic is routed.

The value is therefore Network rather than Adjacent Network; the latter is only used for attacks where the attacker must be on the same physical network or equivalent. Attack Complexity High This is a man in the middle attack, and therefore complex for the attacker to perform. User Interaction Required The victim must be tricked into running malicious code on her web browser.

Scope Unchanged The vulnerable component is the web server because it insecurely responds to padding errors in a way that can be used to brute force encrypted data. The impacted component is also the web server because the cookie information disclosed is part of its authorization authority. Confidentiality Impact Low The attack discloses cookie information that the attacker should not have access to.

Attack Complexity Low The only required condition for this attack is for virtual machines to have 4GB of memory. Virtual machines that have less than 4GB of memory are not affected. This is easy in a tenant environment. User Interaction None The attacker requires no user interaction to successfully exploit the vulnerability.

RPC commands can be sent anytime. Vulnerability Apache Tomcat 4. Privileges Required High The user requires high privileges to be able to modify Tomcat configuration files. User Interaction None Scope Unchanged Assuming simple webapps that do not maintain separate authorization authority. Confidentiality Impact Low Webapp xml and tld files can be exposed. Availability Impact Low The reasonable outcome behind modifying the XML parser is to make certain web applications unavailable.

Vulnerability Cisco IOS Attack This vulnerability is post authentication on the administrative interface of the Cisco device. Access to the protected network is beyond the scope of Attack Complexity.

Privileges Required Low Administrative privileges are not required. User Interaction None Scope Unchanged The vulnerability allows authorization bypass, but impact is contained to the original scope of vulnerable component.

Confidentiality Impact High Successful exploitation could result in a complete compromise of the targeted device which results in a complete High impact on Confidentiality of the device. Integrity Impact High Successful exploitation could result in a complete compromise of the targeted device which results in a complete High impact on Integrity of the device. Availability Impact High Successful exploitation could result in a complete compromise of the targeted device which results in a complete High impact on the Availability of the device.

Vulnerability iWork in Apple iOS before 8. Attack A remote user can create a specially crafted iWork file that, when loaded by the target user, will trigger a memory corruption error and execute arbitrary code. Attack Complexity Low Specialized conditions or advanced knowledge is not required. Attack A successful attack requires only sending a specially crafted message to a web server running OpenSSL.

Attack Complexity Low An attacker needs to only find a listening network service to mount an attack. User Interaction None No user access is required for an attacker to launch a successful attack.

Scope Unchanged The vulnerable component is OpenSSL which is integrated with the network service, therefore no change in scope occurs during the attack. Confidentiality Impact High Access to only some restricted information is obtained, but the disclosed information presents a direct, serious impact to the affected scope e. Integrity Impact None No information can be modified by the attacker. Availability Impact None The attacker cannot affect availability through this attack.

Vulnerability GNU Bash through 4. Attack A successful attack can be launched by an attacker directly against the vulnerable GNU Bash shell, or in certain cases, by an unauthenticated, remote attacker through services either written in GNU Bash or services spawning GNU Bash shells.

Privileges Required None Some attack vectors do not require any privileges e. CGI in web server. User Interaction None No user interaction is required for an attacker to launch a successful attack. Scope Unchanged The vulnerable component is the GNU Bash shell which is used as an interpreter for various services or can be accessed directly, therefore no change in scope occurs during the attack.

Confidentiality Impact High Allows an attacker to take complete control of the affected system. Integrity Impact High Allows an attacker to take complete control of the affected system. Availability Impact High Allows an attacker to take complete control of the affected system.

Attack Complexity High The attacker must configure an authoritative source with a public IP to be routed to by the recursive server. The attacker must also beat a race condition to successfully exploit regardless of how quick that race condition may occur.

The impacted component is the victim system who is unknowingly re-directed to unintended network locations based on the malicious DNS answers. Confidentiality Impact None Any confidentiality is secondary. Integrity Impact High The victim user has trusted a poisoned cache and is being directed to any destination the attacker wishes.

Availability Impact None Any availability impact is secondary. Attack When Microsoft Windows systems resume "wake up" from sleep or hibernation, the default action is to require the user to re-authenticate. Integrity Impact High The attacker has full access to the system. Availability Impact High The attacker has full access to the system.

Regarding availability impact vs. We are measuring the capabilities granted to the attacker from the vulnerability. For this vulnerability we are assuming that Joomla has its own separate authorization authority and the attacker is able to break out from it and access files on the file system with privileges of web server which has a separate authorization authority.

Confidentiality Impact Low The attacker is able to read files to which web server has access. Integrity Impact None There is no indication that the files can be modified as well.

Availability Impact None No availability impact. Attack Exploitation of this vulnerability can be performed with wide-area network access to the target system and requires the ability to send fragmented IPv4 packets to the vulnerable component router. Attack Complexity Low The complexity of creating packets that match the criteria non-first fragments is low.

Privileges Required None A non-privileged user can initiate the packet stream. User Interaction None The attack does not rely on any user interaction. Confidentiality Impact None Impact is scored against the network and devices beyond the firewall impacted component , and not the CRS vulnerable component.

Any confidentiality loss is a secondary impact. Integrity Impact Low Exploitation results in an integrity impact on the network or devices impacted component under the protection of the CRS vulnerable component. Availability Impact None Impact is scored against the network and devices beyond the firewall impacted component , and not the CRS vulnerable component. Any availability is a secondary impact for example, targeted DoS attack.

Vulnerability If Proxy ARP is enabled on an unnumbered interface, an attacker can poison the ARP cache and create a bogus forwarding table entry for an IP address, effectively creating a denial of service for that subscriber or interface.

Attack Exploitation of this vulnerability requires network adjacency with the target system and the ability to generate arbitrary ARP replies sent to the connected interface. Scope Changed The vulnerable component is the Junos device itself, while the impacted component is any device for which the ARP entry is poisoned.

Integrity Impact None While modification of the routing table on the vulnerable component would represent an impact on integrity, the Integrity impact on the downstream impacted component is None. Availability Impact High Impact on Availability for the downstream impacted component results in a complete denial of service for the targeted subscriber s.

User Interaction Required The user needs to navigate to malicious website. Scope Changed The vulnerability is exploited on the web server, but the impact is to the user's browser. Confidentiality Impact Low Information which should only be disclosed to the vulnerable site, such as cookies, could be provided by the victim's browser to the attacker.

Integrity Impact Low Information maintained in the victim's web browser can be modified, but only information associated with the web site running DokuWiki.